Jurisdiction refers either to the geographical area in which a court has the right and power to determine (adjudicate) matters that deal with certain people, property, or subject matter. Before any court can hear a case, it must be proven that they have jurisdiction over the person against whom a suit is brought, jurisdiction over […]

Depositions in Employment Litigation

A deposition is a case discovery tool. Depositions are necessary to learn the basis for the other party’s claims or defense, and to test whether their testimony holds up under cross examination. A deposition also captures the witness testimony¬† and preserves it. Employment litigants rarely have all the facts needed to prove their claims. They […]


A subpoena is a court-ordered command that requires an individual to appear in court and testify, or produce documents as part of a lawsuit. The term “subpoena” is the Latin term for “under penalty”. Under state and federal civil or criminal procedural laws, subpoenas offer attorneys a chance to obtain information to help their client’s […]

The Role of Judges in the Courtroom

Judges are elected or appointed officials who act as impartial decision-makers in the pursuit of justice. They are the central figures in a courtroom, and apply the law to cases by overseeing legal proceedings, ruling on questions of law, and facilitating negotiations between opposing parties. Judges allow each side a fair opportunity to present their¬† […]