Landlord/tenant leases in a post-COVID world

Landlord/tenant leases in a post-COVID world In a post-COVID world, retail leases will need to be modified to include the possibility of a pandemic and the mandated closing of tenant businesses. For the benefit of all, adjustments to the force majeure and insurance provisions, use of common areas, common area caps, alterations and regulations, should […]

Prepare for your initial legal consultation

All attorneys meet with prospective clients in an initial consultation. The purpose of this first meeting is to gather and exchange information, including general legal advice about the case. This initial time together will provide the foundation of the client-attorney relationship if moving  forward with a working relationship. As a potential client, it is important […]

Need to Raise Money for Your Business?

Businesses require capital to operate and get off the ground. Once established, a cash infusion may be necessary to boost advertising and acquire customers in new markets. When it comes to raising money to start or grow your business, consider the following:

Are You Considering a Business Partnership?

If your business will be owned and operated by more than one individual, structuring as a partnership may be the best way to go. There are two types: a general partnership and a limited partnership.

What Are My Workplace Rights During the Coronavirus Outbreak?

The new Families First Coronavirus Response Act, the Americans with Disabilities Act (ADA) and standards set forth by the Occupational Safety and Health Administration (OSHA) are playing roles in decisions being made by employers for their workers. 

Mistakes Employers Make When Requiring & Conducting Workplace Drug & Alcohol Tests

Employees often trust their employers’ polices to be well researched and vetted through counsel.  However, drug and alcohol policies are often purposefully vague to give the employer the upper hand.  For employees, it is always advisable to educate yourself on your state and local drug and alcohol testing laws, and speak with your HR team […]

What Do I Do If I Have Experienced Sexual Harassment?

If you have experienced sexual harassment at work, it is important to act quickly to protect yourself and protect your right to pursue legal action if you desire. If you are the victim of sexual harassment in the workplace, take the following three steps to protect yourself and your rights to a legal remedy.  

What are my Maternity Rights as an Employee?

If you’re pregnant, you may be wondering what your rights are in the workplace. Unfortunately, pregnancy standards and laws in the United States can be complex, varying state-by-state and by each individual company. To further complicate, there is also currently no federal law that applies to everyone in the US for maternity leave.  

Temporary & Preliminary Injunctions

After the filing of a lawsuit, a party can ask the judge to issue a temporary injunction.  The temporary injunction seeks to require the other party to either commit a certain act or to prohibit it from performing a particular action. In a business or commercial law context, injunctions are often sought to enforce a […]


Creditors of a Florida single member LLC (“SMLLC”) are able to reach the assets of SMLLC by obtaining a charging order and then foreclosing on the member’s interest.  However, if an LLC has multi-members, creditors are limited to distributions that a debtor member would ordinarily receive from the LLC. To prevent a foreclosure of a […]

“Baseball” Arbitration for Commercial Leases

As a means to set a player’s salary when he became a free agent, the arbitration process became a mainstay in baseball. Similarly, a commercial lease should include a baseball arbitration clause to prevent a protracted dispute between the owner and tenant. Often a commercial lease uses fair market value as the method to determine […]

Taking Flight – Drone regulations

Unmanned aircraft systems (UAS) known as drones are readily available and can even be purchased at Target or Toys “R” Us. However the federal government deems drones to be aircrafts and subject to Federal Aviation Administration regulations. For one thing, all buyers must register their drone. Registration can be done online by completing a short […]


A noncompete agreement is a standard business agreement to prevent a former employee from competing against you upon his departure from the company. When such an agreement is not in place, employers have to scramble for a solution to prevent the former employee from disclosing confidential information to the new employer. In particular, litigators are […]


Effective July 1, 2011, changes in the Act create new statutory Power of Attorney (POA) forms for property and healthcare.  A Power of Attorney is a legal document that gives another person (your agent) the authority to make financial and other legal decisions on your behalf. The revised act provides more guidance to the agent […]


Within the context of litigation, electronic discovery (e-discovery) refers to discovery of information in electronic format. Information preserved in electronic format often contains metadata, which is invisible to the naked eye. Metadata mining involves uncovering metadata, such as draft revisions, tracked changes, hidden text. Businesses should implement adequate procedures to remove metadata through the process […]


A written document to memorialize terms of an agreement between two or more persons minimizes confusion and possibility of litigation. Even though an oral agreement is usually sufficient to form a legal binding contract, a written contract provides proof of the intentions of the parties. To demonstrate a breach of contract, the aggrieved party must […]


Since tax considerations are of utmost importance in choosing an entity form, entrepreneurs should determine the advantages of beginning their business as a LLC. In particular, the applicability of the LLC structure must be examined when the entity plans to go public or merge with a public corporation. While enjoying the benefits of a LLC […]


Section 2-616 of the Illinois Civil Practice Law provides for amendments to pleadings on just and reasonable terms before final judgment. Loyola Academy v. S & S Roof Maintenance, 146 Ill.2d 263 provides the standard for amending pleadings in Illinois. The Loyola Academy court looked to four factors in determining the appropriateness of allowing leave […]

Overbroad or unreasonable Non-Compete Agreements may not be legal

Many people sign non-compete agreements with their employers without understanding its precise terms. Don’t assume the document just limits you to working for a competitor in the same town or county, even when it says as much. Many non-compete agreements may claim to apply on a national or even worldwide scope, but not all of […]

What is an Employee Stock Ownership Plan (ESOP)?

ESOPs typically are stablished as a corporate financial strategy. Also called a stock purchase plan, this is a trust fund created to allocate company shares to employees. Employer contributions to the plan are tax-deductible, and employees do not pay taxes on their shares until distribution. The employees receive the money when they leave the company […]

Freelancing vs Employment

If your work is the result of a new business, pivot or side gig, understanding the implications of the laws that apply to your business structure is critical. If you are a freelancer – also known as an independent contractor, subcontractor, contract worker, or gig worker, you are essentially a small business. The law will generally […]

Ageism in the Workplace

More and more people are choosing to stay in the workforce longer. Americans are living longer lives, they are healthier and want to stay active, and contribute their time and experience.  These older Americans may be working in your organization, and as a decision maker, it is important that you understand ageism and what constitutes […]

Punitive Damages in Florida

All parties in a punitive damages claim should understand how and why a court will allow that case to proceed to trial. From time to time, media will cover a high-profile injury or discrimination case that ends with a huge award for the plaintiff. However, US Department of Justice statistics show that punitive damages are […]

Commercial Landlord Tenant Law

Under Florida law, both commercial landlords and tenants have rights and responsibilities. It is important to understand the legal process as it affects this type of business relationship. The rights of both parties depend largely on what is in the rental agreement.